This is a wonderful time of year to watch the Winter Aconite (Eranthis hyemalis) emerge from their slumber. They spread every year — into the grass and other parts of the garden. But it’s a nice kind of spreading. Hardly any other plants are doing anything at this time of year and in six weeks from now they will have disappeared till next year. There are some other color forms of the winter aconite, either paler yellow or orange shades, but one of my strong desires has been to grow the white species, Eranthis Pinnatifida. I got one flowering a few years ago, but it didn’t stay with us. Nevertheless, the flower is so intriguing that I keep persisting. I ordered one from Japan last fall and got it planted out in December. I noticed on my daily stroll about the garden that It is growing but it looks like no flowers this year.
At the same time, and almost so small that i nearly missed it, I found a flowering Eranthis pinnatifida in a seeding pot that I had started in 2016 from seeds obtained from the NARGS seed exchange.
Not only was this little jewel growing but there was another little Eranthis in the same pot. So hope spring eternal someone once said.
The seed exchanges are a wonderful introduction to new plants that you will never see in a commercial catalog. My package from the Alpine Garden society arrived just this week.
But I have already started many seeds obtained from NARGS, the SRGC, and individual seed vendors.
Also in the greenhouse is the first of the Ferrarias to bloom this year.
Ferrarias are very easy to grow and easily one of the most unusual flowers you will ever set eyes on. The curls around the edge have a fractal quality to them.
I also just brought the first of many Scilla peruviana into the house to enjoy.
But getting back to the daily walkabout, I would be remiss not to note that many crocus and snowdrops are appearing around the yard.
And the first Primula is showing it’s flowers as well.
Like the Winter Aconite, these are happy to spread into the lawn.
A more unusual spotting from the walkabout was to see the first pink color in one of the Saxifrages in a trough.
This little jewel flowered in April last year.
And I also noticed in the alpine bed that one of the Callianthemums from Japan that I planted in December has a bud on it!
These plants are really hard to find in the U.S. and my thanks to Yuzawa Engei for the wonderful packing to get it here.
Seeing some of the fall seeds is a good reminder that it’s a good time to pack up all those seeds you’ve been carefully collecting all season long to share with the various seed exchanges. You did remember to do that right? If you didn’t it’s still not too late. Many flowers hold their seeds well through the summer and into the fall. They are not always so easy to see and harvest as the blackberry lily (which by the way is a bit too common for most seed exchanges). Some of the species Peonies are still carrying their seeds right now.
Generally, however, it takes a bit more effort to select and harvest seeds.
As an example I picked a few handfuls of Primula sieboldii back in June and put them in an uncovered plastic bowl. This week I put these primula seeds through my seed strainers. You don’t have to have seed strainers but it makes the process a lot easier. Mine were designed for sifting for gold but the process is the same. They stack one on top of the other and the gold (seed) sifts down to the bottom tray. Here are a few pictures showing the process.
As inspiration here are the original Primula sieboldii which I obtained the seeds from.
As a word to the wise, which I wasn’t with some very nice Allium seeds, don’t put seeds that are still moist in a sealed container, or they will just rot over the summer.
In the end I sent off 22 packs of seeds to the Alpine Garden Society, the Scottish Rock Garden Society, and the North American Rock Garden Society. Besides sharing with others this will give the donor first pick privileges when the seeds are distributed this winter.
We were gone for a week in mid-April and as might be expected you will miss some things at this time of year as part of price of traveling. We bought the above Osti’s Peony from Wrightman’s Alpines as a very small plant in 2015 so this was first time we were to see it in bloom, and we almost missed it. Similarly a very dwarf yellow Rhododendron that we got just last year from McCue Gardens was already past its peak in flowering when we got back.
Another one we missed was the first of the Molly the witch peonies. However, the second one still had a flower bud opening. I keep planting them in the hopes that I will end up the yellow flowers the Mollys are famous for.
Similarly, but more unfortunate, the Dryas octopetala that had three buds had already finished blooming by the time we returned. We had planted seeds of the Dryas last year after enjoying them when we went to the Dolomites. Fortunately there were still a lot of flowers to enjoy upon our return. Especially a few more Peonies.
Another of Arisaemas has popped up.
It is particularly striking with the bright white spadix.
Various of the Euphorbias are lighting up the garden as well as several dwarf Iris flowers.
In a couple of spots we have lovely little blue Corydalis flowers.
Back in alpine bed, the Kidney Vetch that I started from seed obtained from BotanyCa is growing very strongly.
Nearby is a lovely white Pasque Flower that my son grew from seed obtained from the AGS seed exchange in 2012.
And one last flower is the first Clematis of the season.
And let me close out this post with the note that if you focus on foliage you are never disappointed by missing the flowers.
It’s that time of year when I wish each day would linger so that we can enjoy all the jewels of springtime that are popping up day by day. I’m so busy outside that I’ve not kept up with recording all the flowers coming into bloom right now. The spring ephemerals are always at the top of my enjoyment list. Many of them are small, transitory, and wonderfully beautiful. Hepaticas come to mind with their small hairy leaves and colorful stamens.
But there are many competitors for my eye. Here are a few that have come in the last few weeks.
This is a new plant grown from seed obtained from the Scottish Rock Garden Club seed exchange last year.
A new addition from Augis Bulbs last summer.
Of course, even in springtime the greenhouse is contributing it’s part.
A wonderful plant. I have some outside as well and last year they managed to flower.
This comes on a 3 1/2 foot stalk. I’m going to try putting it outside this year. It’s marginally hardy in our area and it would be wonderful if it succeeds.
And then lastly the greenhouse provided a lot of color to the house
Last year we replanted strawberries after disease had taken hold in our old row. I first put in 25 Jewel strawberries in a double row 18″ apart with pinebark mulch. Those 25 were allowed to expand and expand they did. I would say that the mesh of strawberries is about three foot wide and so dense as to exclude most weeds.
They have been extraordinarily productive. We’ve been bringing in a very large bowel of strawberries every night and predominantly from this patch. Later on last year, near the end of June I added another 50 plants (Allstar & Cavendish) and those have been contributing too, but not nearly so many as the jewel plants. Somehow in my unreasonable fear that we would not have enough strawberries, I added another 25 strawberry plants this spring (Cabot). I think we will need help picking next year.
Meanwhile on the flower front much has been happening. I was really pleased to see the Martagon lily ‘Arabian Knight’ flowering for the first time.
I love the way the Martagons have a completely different profile from the normal lily hybrids. The foliage itself makes a statement. We’ve also have the first flower on a small Chinese lily that I got from Far Reaches this year.
This is said to spread underground so that should be fun. I wouldn’t mind a clump of these little guys.
I was more than pleased to see that a couple of my favorite Arisaemas (fargesii and candidissimum) have finally decided to emerge. Take a note for future years that I should not expect or dig in these areas until June.
There are a number of little rain lilies popping out in the greenhouse right now. They are all a bit tender for this area, but I may give them a shot at outside exposure when I have enough of them in hand. For the moment I just take out to sit on the back porch.
You can see from the pictures that these little bulbs are multiplying in there pots, but it’s hard to compete with the oxalis which REALLY multiply in the pots. I started separating out the oxalis from 2013 plantings this year as they went dormant and the original 1-3 bulbs have expanded a lot.
They can be kept in a bag until August when they will be ready to go again for fall/winter blooming in the greenhouse. As a reminder the Oxalis in the greenhouse are nothing like the little pests you find in the garden.
Thinking of the greenhouse, there is a South American bulb with gorgeous deep blue flowers that has been blooming steadily for the last two weeks.
I always enjoy seeing these new bulbs or seeds bloom for the first time. I recently planted out several Anemone multifida ‘Rubra’ that I grew from the NARGS seed exchange in 2014.
Similarly this little Dianthus that I planted in tufa was grown from the NARGS 2014 seed exchange.
Speaking of seed exchanges, now is the time to be gathering seed from the early flowering plants. For many of them, like the Jeffersonia, you have to watching carefully to see that you get the seeds before the wind and the insects do…
Identifying the seeds for these large seeded plants is pretty straightforward but many plants are pretty tricky. Helps you appreciated what goes on for a more wide-ranging seed collector like BotanyCA.
I had a perfectly wonderful time at the NARGS annual meeting, but that deserves a posting in itself. I will say that I brought back a number of exotic plants including this little Conandron that I’ve put in the alpine bed.
The alpine bed continues to be very successful. I’ve added another Lewisia since they seem to like it so much.
And the alpine aster has returned from last year.
Out in the main garden beds the astrantia is coming into bloom, along with the horned poppies.
There is one little garden mystery. Somehow a european spotted orchid has appeared on the opposite side of the yard from where it bloomed last year (and where it has no flower buds this year). I have no memory of having planted one in this spot. But nonetheless it seems to be happily blooming away.
Let me close with the first thing I check in the morning — the spuria iris.
It’s Garden Blogger’s Bloom Day and there could be few days that would seem to be less promising for flowers. The temperature topped out at 19º today and is headed for 3º tonight. There was no real full-throated flowering outside in Maryland today, at least not on our hillside. I did manage a few spots of interest as I took a short, well-wrapped walk around the yard. It’s not surprising that the Adonis is fully ready to flower if we ever get a break from this weather.
Despite the picture we don’t have much more than a smattering of snow. Mostly it’s just cold. I guess the good part for the plants is that it hasn’t been the same cycle of warm then cold that we had last year. Any plant with good sense is staying well curled up right now. The first snowdrops were out a few weeks ago and they were knocked down by wind and the tiny bit of snow we had last night.
The other hint of spring that I saw outside was the first coloring up of the red witch hazel.
Every little bit of color gets bonus points right now.
Most of the flowering that I have to offer is in the greenhouse. The greenhouse got down to 31º last night with all the heating I normally use. And that was on a 9º night. So I’ve added another temporary heater to the 110v circuit in hopes that I can cope with the 3º in the forecast. There are a lot of plants out there worth protecting. We have enjoyed a lot of oxalis. Some even go through a second flowering.
The oxalis are particularly interesting from side and back views as well.
Since December we’ve been enjoying a sequence of hoop Narcissus as well.
These frost-tender narcissus all come from Spain or North Africa and I don’t find they have the distinctive fragrance that I associate with Narcissus. Nonetheless they are easy to grow from seed and make nice companions to the oxalis to brighten up a winter day.
One of the things that leads me out to the greenhouse every day is checking on the new seedlings from the seed exchange plantings. I never fail to be amazed at the rapid development of the plants that come in those little tiny seeds.
These plants are all tickets to adventure. Researching these plants often leads me to reading the history of the species or the journals of the expeditions the plant explorers still take in the search for new plants. Google the names of the seedlings above and see what you discover…
There was another sign of spring in the greenhouse today. I saw the first growth on the pomegranate. After last year I am looking forward to harvesting our own pomegranates again.
Besides being beautiful flowers, what do the above lewisia, lobelia, erodium, lily, gentian, and calandrinia have in common? All were grown from seed distributed through the various plant societies. Specifically I participate in seed exchanges that are conducted by The North American Rock Gardening Society, The Alpine Garden Society, The Scottish Rock Garden Club, the Pacific Bulb Society, and the Species Iris Group of North America. Each of these organizations brings access to seeds that are otherwise very difficult to come by. This year I’ve already received my NARGS distribution of 35 seed packets and many choice elements are going to get planted this week. It includes Linum elegans, Bukiniczia cabulica, Eranthis pinnatifida, and many other items that you probably won’t find in the average seed catalog. I’m still waiting for my packages from the Alpine Garden Society to see which items I succeeded in getting. You get to choose from thousands of varieties of seeds but which ones you get depends upon when you sent in your request and whether you were a donor or not. In the past I’ve gotten over half of my first choice varieties even though I am not a donor for the overseas societies.
Besides the wealth of interesting seeds from the seed exchanges there are also other interesting sources of unusual seeds. We subscribed this past year to Chris Chadwell’s 29th expedition to the Himalayas in search of seeds. Our distribution arrived this month with 50 different seed packets gathered in Nepal.
In order to bring in seeds from overseas you need to apply to the USDA for permit for a small lots of seed import permit. And you need to be cognizant of which seeds are restricted. I’ve found the USDA folks to be very helpful and cooperative. I got a phone call on the day after New Year’s asking for clarification on the shipping address for my shipment from Chris Chadwell.
There are also some other wonderful sources of seeds gathered in the wild. I think in particular of Allen Bradshaw at Alplains who specializes in seeds gathered in the western U.S. Or Bjørnar Olsen from Norway who gathers seeds in China. There are a number of famous collectors in the Czech Republic. One I’ve used is Vojtech Holubec who has the most amazing pictures of his travels in asia.
More recently I was researching a Delphinium (Delphinium tatsienense to be precise) that is in my NARGS seeds for this year and I came across a very nice website in Canada (BotanyCa) that specializes in wild-collected seeds. She has choice list of seeds for sale and a lot of information about propagation and plant lore. Highly recommended.
The bottom line for all these ramblings is that now is the time for acquiring and planting all those unusual plants that you have been meaning to grow.
The weather has been crazy cold for us this year. Extended low temperatures beyond recent memory. The ice storms last week left a lot of people without power but we were fortunate in only being out of power for four hours. Actually we were doubly fortunate in being out in California for ten days so we mostly read about the cold weather while we were in our shirtsleeves enjoying the sunshine.
Our place of refuge with this kind of winter has been the greenhouse.
From within the greenhouse we can generally count on 60 degrees or more on a sunny day no matter how could it is outside.
Part of what I’ve been doing in the greenhouse is planting all the seeds from the various seed exchanges I’m involved in (the Scottish Rock Garden Club, The Alpine Garden Society, the North American Rock Garden Society, The Species Iris Group of North America) and some unusual seeds from Alplains in Colorado and The Gothenburg Botanical Garden. I’ve been iterating on the seed mix and the pots that I use, now pretty much tending to 3 1/2 inch pots that are extra deep with a mix of sand, miracle-gro potting mix, and turface. I lay the seeds out on the surface and then cover them with medium sized gravel.
So far I’ve planted 97 separate species and cultivars with another 34 in hand for planting. The first ones were put in on January 18th and the draba and dianthus are sprouting. This is an enjoyable part of the season just to see what has popped up each day.
An interesting encounter in the greenhouse a couple of weeks ago came from looking closely at a pot of Herbertia (relatives of Tigridia and Cypella) which seemed to be going very dormant. I was uncertain as to whether the Herbertia tigridioides that I planted last May was actually going dormant or just dying off. When I lifted the pot I noticed a little bulb trying to escape the pot.
When I emptied out the pot I found that not only was the Herbertia not dying but it had grown quite vigorously over the summer.
Apparently these are bulbs that like to dig themselves in deep. I’ve separated them into several deeper pots and we’ll see how they do with flowering this year.
We’re expecting another 10 inches or so of snow tonight so I may have to content myself with the greenhouse for a while longer. We did get to visit Anza-Borrego while we were in California last week so I will leave with a tidbit from that trip and a promise of more to come.